Oklahoma's National Register of Historic Places

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ID Number 14000296
Historic Name BREADTOWN
Description of Significance BREADTOWN (34AD46) IS SIGNIFICANT AT THE STATE LEVEL, FOR ITS ASSOCIATION WITH THE CHEROKEE TRAIL OF TEARS AND THE SUBSEQUENT BAPTIST MISSION. IN EARLY 1839, SOME CHEROKEE IMMIGRATING PARTIES COMPLETING THE TRAIL OF TEARS DISBANDED IN THIS IMMEDIATE AREA. FOOD STORES INTENDED TO SUSTAIN THEM, DURING THEIR FIRST YEAR IN THE INDIAN TERRITORY, WERE DELIVERED TO A SUPPLY DEPOT IN THIS IMMEDIATE AREA AS WELL; THEY CALLED IT BREADTOWN. BAPTIST MISSION WAS SOON HERE AS WELL, AND BEGINNING IN 1841 MISSIONARY EVAN JONES AND CHEROKEE MINISTER JESSE BUSHYHEAD MADE IT A CENTER FOR CHEROKEE CHRISTIAN EVANGELISM, CHURCH ORGANIZATION, EDUCATION, AND PUBLISHING UNTIL 1862. GEOPHYSICAL AND ARCHAEOLOGICAL SURVEY INDICATES THAT INTACT DEPOSITS DATING TO THE MID-TO-LATE-1800S EXIST, INCLUDING THE FOUNDATIONS AND CELLARS OF MULTIPLE BUILDINGS. IT HAS THE POTENTIAL, GIVEN ITS LOCATION AS THE DISBANDMENT SITE OF CHEROKEE DETACHMENTS, BREADTOWN, AND BAPTIST MISSION, TO YIELD INFORMATION ABOUT THE TRAIL OF TEARS AND ITS AFTERMATH FOR THE CHEROKEE PEOPLE WHO USED THE AREA AS THEY SETTLED, TRADED, WORSHIPED, AND EDUCATED THEIR CHILDREN UNTIL THE CIVIL WAR REACHED INDIAN TERRITORY. THEREFORE, THE PERIOD OF SIGNIFICANCE FOR THE SITE IS FROM 1839 TO 1862. THE LOCATION IS MUCH AS IT WAS UPON ITS ABANDONMENT, REMAINING RURAL AS UNDISTURBED PASTURE OR HAYFIELD
Current Name CHANCE SITE BAPTIST MISSION BUSHYHEAD DEPOT 34AD46
Address RESTRICTED
City WESTVILLE VICINITY
County ADAIR
Lot
Block
Current Section
Township
Range
Type SITE
Historic Function DOMESTIC: SINGLE DWELLING; RELIGION: CHURCH SCHOOL
Current Function DOMESTIC: SINGLE DWELLING; AGRICULTURE/SUBSISTENCE
Area Signficance 1 ARCHEOLOGY: HISTORIC ABORIGINAL
Area Significance 2 ETHNIC HERITAGE: NATIVE AMERICAN
Date Prepared 2013
Year Built
Original Site YES
Architect/Builder
Architectural Style
Roof Material
Wall Material
Window Material
Door Material
Decorative Details
Condition GOOD
Comments
Restricted Y